Physics workshop (153 Micro- and nanosystem technology )

Type: Normative

Department: optoelectronics and information technologies



Laboratory works

SemesterAmount of hoursGroupTeacher(s)
332ФеM-21Professor Ihor Polovynko
Professor Ihor Polovynko

Опис навчальної дисципліни

Summary of the subject: The rearranged laboratory workshop is designed to familiarize students with issues related to fundamental experiments in optics, atomic and nuclear physics. The proposed laboratory activities will allow students to delve deeper into the problems associated with Huygens’ principle, Fauenhoffer slit diffraction, light dispersion, refraction and reflection on a spherical surface, refraction of light in a thin lens, optical force, and various optical devices, including a magnifying glass, microscope, and telescope. The concepts of the behavior of radioactive nuclei and the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter are expanded.

Learning Outcomes:

Know: Formulas describing the dispersion properties of light in matter. Principles of the interference phenomenon. Interaction of two coherent waves. Huygens’s principle and the Fauenhoffer slit diffraction model. Properties of diffraction gratings. Principle of operation of continuous lasers, their spectral and technical characteristics. The nature of the phenomenon of optical activity. Features of birefringence in uniaxial and biaxial anisotropic substances. The main types of aberrations in lenses and the conditions under which they occur. The nature of the appearance of Newton’s rings. Structure and properties of radiation energy sources. Laws of radiation of an absolutely black body. Principles of optical holography. Statistical properties of the radioactive decay process. Laws of interaction of radioactive radiation with matter.

should be able to:

adjust the goniometer, measure the angles of light deflection in a prism for different wavelengths and calculate the refractive indices. Obtain an interference pattern using a plane-parallel plate, a Fresnel biprism, and a Young’s diagram. Determine the width of narrow slits and periods of diffraction gratings using the phenomenon of diffraction. Determine the spectral, energy, angular and polarization properties of laser radiation. Measure the optical activity of solids and solutions. Determine the parameters of aberrations in lenses and focal lengths of different types of lenses. Measure the radii of curvature of lenses using Newton’s rings. Obtain photometric characteristics of radiation sources. Investigate the dependence of spectral densities on the spectral luminosity of heated bodies. Determine the diffraction efficiency of amplitude and phase holograms. Use dosimetric measuring instruments. Determine the attenuation coefficients of gamma radiation in a substance.